Top Tips for IELTS Reading - Yes/No/Not Given



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The IELTS Reading test consists of varied questions and one of them is Yes/No/Not Given. Here, you will be given a passage to read. The passage will be academic in nature – however, it will not require specialist knowledge. In relation to what is said in the passage, you will be given a list of statements i.e. claims about the passage. Your task is to select the claims which match the information in the passage and use the words Yes/No/Not Given to justify your selection. The claims will use differing vocabulary from that used in the passage.

Here is a breakup of the various components of this task put together by the IELTS Online Training team at Hurray.

Objective:

The tasks in the IELTS Reading Test is designed to assess a wide range of reading skills, including:

  • read for the general sense of a passage

  • read for the main ideas

  • read for detail

  • understand inferences and implied meaning

  • recognise a writer’s opinions, attitudes and purpose

  • follow the development of an argument

 

All of the above will come into play, as you attempt the given task. But, before that you must understand what goes into doing this type of question effectively.

 

Common problems

The problems our students often encounter, include:

  • lack of comprehension of the passage

  • inability to recognize similar information presented in different words

  • inability to differentiate between claims that are wrong, and claims that have nothing to do with the passage at all

 

The following tips will help you avoid these problems!

 

1. Build vocabulary

Vocabulary skills involve knowing a large number of words, what they mean, how to spell them, and how to correctly use them. 

Having a strong vocabulary makes a big difference when it comes to the reading test – first, to help you comprehend the passage correctly; second, to perform the task/answer the questions correctly.

 

Our tips to build vocabulary include:

  • Read widely and whatever you can, particularly reading material of good quality, on topics that are often used in IELTS tasks, such as Environment, Entertainment, Education, and so on.

  • Watch/Listen, particularly to news channels and other informative programmes, and good movies. 

  • Note down in a note-pad or journal, the new words you learn which you believe are of immediate relevance to the topics mentioned above.

 

2. Hone your reading sub-skills.These include:

  • Speed reading and skimming and scanning: quickly reading through a passage in order to get a gist of the main ideas, of what it is about.

  • Reading to locate key words: the ability to pick out the most important words in the passage.

  • But, don’t be too hasty: slow down and make sure you read with close attention, in order to understand it at first go.

 

3. Practice!

Answer as many mock IELTS tests as you can – ideally, a minimum of 3-4. Practice under exam conditions, i.e. keeping time limit and other restrictions in place. 

Practice will help you to: 

  • familiarise yourself with the question patterns 

  • put the skills you have worked on to use

 

Tips: Doing the task

While performing the task, do the following:

  • Read the passage:

Make use of the reading sub-skills mentioned in Slide 7. Ensure that you comprehend the gist of the passage well.

  • Re-read the passage:

            Read the list of claims (1-4). Re-read the passage keeping these in mind – as you  come across the place in the passage that is related to each claim, check whether the claim is correct or not.

  • As it is a reading test, you can take your time to read fully but remember to manage it well.

4. Do not make assumptions

Stick to the information given in the passage. 

This means that you must mark any claim that is not related to the passage whatsoever, as ‘not given’ – regardless of whether you think that claim is correct or not.

For instance, in the example given in Slides 3-4, claim number 3 may appear clearly wrong to you – i.e. the possibility of there being a 4th brain. 

However, in the passage there is no mention of a “4th brain”, regardless of it being true or false. 

In such a case, the correct answer is ‘Not given’.

 

Example – Passage 

The first of our three brains to evolve is what scientists call the reptilian cortex. This brain sustains the elementary activities of animal survival such as respiration, adequate rest and a beating heart. We are not required to consciously “think” about these activities. The reptilian cortex also houses the “startle centre”, a mechanism that facilitates swift reactions to unexpected occurrences in our surroundings. When it comes to our interaction with others, the reptilian brain offers up only the most basic impulses: aggression, mating, and territorial defence. 

But while a lizard may stake a claim to its habitat, it exerts total indifference toward the well-being of its young. This is in contrast to the anguished squeal of a dolphin separated from its pod - itis clear that a new development is at play. Scientists have identified this as the limbic cortex. Unique to mammals, the limbic cortex impels creatures to nurture their offspring by delivering feelings of tenderness and warmth to the parent when children are nearby. These sensations also cause mammals to develop various types of social relations and kinship networks. 

But only human capabilities extend far beyond the scope of these two cortexes. Humans eat, sleep and play, but we also speak, plot, rationalise and debate finer points of morality. Our unique abilities are the result of an expansive third brain - the neocortex - which engages with logic, reason and ideas. The power of the neocortex comes from its ability to think beyond the present, concrete moment. While other mammals are mainly restricted to impulsive actions, humans can think about the “big picture”. 

 

Example – Questions

Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in the above passage? Answer ‘Yes’, ‘No’ or ‘Not given’ to questions 1-4.

Yes

if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer

No

if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer

Not given

if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

 

  1. The reptilian cortex determines the organism’s ability to give up short-term desires, in order to meet future goals.

  2. The three brains or cortexes are to be found in all animals.

  3. Scientists have studied the possibility of human beings developing a fourth brain.

  4. Human beings share their ability to form kinship ties with other mammals, because they all possess a limbic cortex.

 

Example – Solution

The answers to the task are:

 

1

No

2

No

3

Not given

4

Yes


 

Our Hurray IELTS Online Training and Classroom Training team has all the experience and expertise required to help you achieve your desired band scores. For more information book your FREE one-on-one session, at: info@hurrayedutech.com or 8971357938 / 9900426501.

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